Monitoring Group on Somalia and Eritrea Report

Dehai.org

Excerpts from the SEMG Report on Somalia mentioning Eritrea. 

The full (pdf) report is attached at the end of this excerpt. 

"Meanwhile, the relative importance of Eritrea as a source of 

military and financial support for armed groups appears to have 

declined. Enhanced international scrutiny of Eritrea's actions in 

Somalia and the region, growing friction in Eritrea's relationship 

with Al-Shabaab and the absence of other viable armed opposition 

groups all appear to have contributed to this trend. The Monitoring 

Group has found no evidence to substantiate allegations that Eritrea 

supplied Al-Shabaab with arms and ammunition by air in October and 

November 2011. However, the SEMG has established that Eritrea 

maintains relations with known arms dealers in Somalia and has 

violated the arms embargo during the course of the mandate by its 

support for Ethiopian armed opposition groups passing through Somali 

territory." … 



"52. The relative importance of Eritrea as a source of military and 

financial support for armed opposition groups appears to have 

declined. Enhanced international scrutiny of Eritrea's actions in 

Somalia and the region, growing friction in Eritrea's relationship 

with Al-Shabaab and the absence of other viable armed opposition 

groups have all contributed to this trend. 



"53. The Monitoring Group has found no evidence to substantiate 

allegations that Eritrea supplied Al-Shabaab with arms and ammunition 

by air in October and November 2011 (see Annex 5.1). However, the 

Group has established that Eritrea maintains relations with known 

arms dealers in Somalia and has violated the arms embargo during the 

course of the mandate by its support for of Ethiopian armed 

opposition groups passing through Somali territory. 



"54. The activities of private security companies (PSCs) and their 

state or corporate sponsors is of growing concern. Two such companies 

are currently engaged in support to private Somali militias (a third 

company ceased operations in early 2011), whose primary purpose is to 

safeguard narrow commercial and political interests. The extension 

and possible expansion of this trend over the long term could have 

grave implications for the security and stability of Somalia." … 



"77. During the course of the mandate, Ethiopia, France, Sudan, 

Turkey, the United Arab Emirates, the United Nations and the United 

States have all provided support to Somali security sector 

institutions without providing prior notice or obtaining advance 

authorization from the Committee. Such actions potentially violate 

the arms embargo imposed pursuant to Security Council resolution 733 

(1992) and contravene the procedures stipulated by resolution 1772 

(2007) regarding the provision of support to Somali security sector 

institutions." … 



Arms embargo violations by air 



"4. On 29 October 2011, a member of the Transitional Federal 

Parliament, Muhamud Abdullahi Waliye Waqa, declared to Radio 

Gaalka'yo that a plane carrying arms from Eritrea had landed the same 

day at Baidoa International Airport.2" 



"5. 'Waqa's' allegations were echoed by an intelligence report from a 

military source, stating: it's confirmed that flight carrying AA 

[anti-aircraft weapons] for AS in Baidoa did landed [sic] on the 

evening of Saturday [29 October 2011] at around 17-17:45hrs, and that 

the passengers of two vehicles from the Al-Shabaab regional office in 

Baidoa boarded the return flight." 



"6. A second report, compiled by a security-related organisation, 

asserted that a cargo civilian plane medium size landed in Baidoa 

airstrip carrying military supply on 30 October 2011 at 1430 local 

time; according to the author, the plane was on ground for 130hrs, 

and a very high number of anti-aircraft guns supply were offloaded in 

a speedy condition [by] a very big number of AS militia. 



"7. On November 1st, Kenyan Defence Force spokesman Emmanuel Chirchir 

issued a statement: On 1 November 2011, we reliably confirmed that 

two aircraft landed in Baidoa with arms consignment intended for Al- 

Shabaab.3 The next day he issued a second statement: We can 

positively confirm that another aircraft with weapons has landed in 

Somalia.4 On 8 November 2011, the Government of Kenya wrote a letter 

to the Chair of the Security Council Committee on Somalia and 

Eritrea, drawing upon these reports, and asserting: Available 

information indicates that the arms emanated from Eritrea.5 Both the 

Eritrean government and Al-Shabaab rejected these allegations.6" 



"8. An international organization with contacts on the ground in 

Baidoa confirmed to the Monitoring Group the forced displacement of 

population from the airport perimeter on those dates, but denied that 

any aircraft had landed. Officials of three foreign governments with 

access to their own internal intelligence reports also separately 

shared with the Monitoring Group their assessments that no flights to 

Baidoa had taken place on those dates." 



"9. On the basis of information received, the Monitoring Group 

believes that the Al-Shabaab administration in Baidoa did indeed give 

instructions or IDPs to leave the vicinity of the airport compound, 

suggesting that some flights may have been expected. However, the 

Monitoring Group has found no evidence to substantiate the 

allegations that one or more aircraft landed at Baidoa International 

Airport between 29 October and 3 November 2011, or that Eritrea 

supplied by air Al-Shabaab in Baidoa with arms and ammunition during 

the same period." 



"10. The Monitoring Group has on several occasions requested that the 

Kenyan government provide the Monitoring Group with evidence 

substantiating its claims that during the first week of November 2011 

three planes landed in the Somalia town of Baidoa.7 To date, however, 

no reply has been forthcoming." 

CLICK HERE FOR THE PDF DOCUMENT

 

 

 

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